Texas Courts Vs Federal Courts


The primary role of Texas courts is to settle cases within the state. The courts do not preside over crimes or disputes that happen outside Texas.

Federal courts are not limited to state borders. Their role is to settle all disputes and crimes regardless of state or national borders. Federal courts preside over crimes or disputes happening within the U.S and those outside the national borders.


Texas courts enforce state laws and are limited to state borders. On the other hand, federal courts oversee national and international laws and are not limited by state or national boundaries.


Texas Courts are divided into three levels; appellate, trial, and supreme. Federal courts’ structure incorporates Special courts, District courts, the Supreme Court, and the Court of the Appeal (not arranged in any order).

Case Types

State courts cannot settle certain cases. They handle criminal cases, family disputes, contract cases, and state law violations. Examples of criminal cases that Texas courts oversee include robberies, burglary, traffic offenses, and broken contracts. Contract cases include torts.

Federal courts handle more complex cases. Such cases include violations of federal laws, cross-state citizen lawsuits, maritime law, bankruptcy, the U.S constitution violations, and copyright cases.