Globalization describes interdependence among countries. It constitutes the migration of people, culture, technology, and ideas across international borders. Globalization has a significant and far-reaching impact on education.
Globalization has transformed educational systems. The traditional education system prepared learners to manage people and resources within national or regional borders where individuals share a common culture, religion, or language. However, globalization challenges organization leaders to guide people at a global level. Due to globalization, the modern educational system incorporates courses and lessons that empower graduates to compete globally. The growing globalization mandates schools worldwide to provide education that does not limit learners into one country or region. Such requires revising the curriculum and introducing new concepts and practices involving international relations and international business management.
Furthermore, globalization has disrupted educational systems through the introduction of foreign languages. Nowadays, many schools teach international languages such as English, Spanish, Chinese, and Swahili. It is essential to speak at least one international language to exploit overseas opportunities. For example, working at a multinational company requires speaking at least English to help individuals connect with customers and colleagues in another country. Likewise, it is vital to learn Mandarin for those planning to work or conduct business in China. Foreign language lessons are becoming standard in many schools worldwide.
Globalization forces education stakeholders to adjust curriculum according to labor market demands. Increased technology applications, labor outsourcing, and demand changes caused by globalization influence skills required in the labor market. For example, large-scale artificial intelligence applications turned certain jobs obsolete. In such cases, universities, colleges, technical institutions, and education stakeholders must ascertain which courses to remove and those to introduce. Unlike in the past, schools provide flexible education to help increase learner’s competitiveness in the globalized world. Failure to adjust the curriculum according to global trends can cause millions to graduate but become irrelevant in the labor market.
Moreover, globalization impacts education by introducing new learning methods. Physical learning was the primary teaching method where students and teachers meet in a classroom. However, as learning institutions strive to provide education services across international borders, it is impossible to bring all students into one classroom. International schools exploit the internet and digital devices, including laptops and zoom application, to reach overseas students. For example, U.S universities provide online courses to learners in Europe, Asia, and Africa, allowing international students to acquire diplomas and degrees without moving into the U.S. Technology and knowledge sharing among countries helps emerging economies to incorporate internet, computer-assisted instructions, and other technologies in their education systems.
Globalization has improved education in diverse ways. Firstly, knowledge and idea exchange allows countries to acquire skills vital in developing the social, political, and economic landscape. For example, knowledge sharing empowers emerging countries by equipping the working population with skills to improve local production and reduce over-reliance on imports. Globalization refurbishes traditional education systems to suit the current economic and labor needs. Secondly, globalization challenges governments to increase spending on education. It creates competition among countries as governments strive to control international trade and strengthen geopolitical positions. Governments worldwide invest in education to produce highly educated citizens who can develop policies and technology to defend a country’s economic and security interests.
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